Inferring is filling (in your head) what is not written on the page.

Good readers infer in order to figure out what the author is trying to say.

Good readers are able to infer because they look for clues in the pictures or the words to help them figure out what the reading is about.

Predicting is part of inferring.

Inferring comes from you. (I think…, Maybe it means …, I guess that …, I predict…)

Connectors + Clues = Inferring

Schema + Clues = Inferring

Mental Images + Clues = Inferring

According to tasctest.com, when you read a passage and use clues to figure out what the author wants to say, you are inferring in this way:

infer

Inference Examples

Now that you understand what inference is, use the inference equation to work through these three inference examples:

  1. Mary came home from work looking tired. She sat on the chair, slowly took off her shoes, and said to her husband, “I had a long night at work and my feet are killing me. We had three emergencies come in back-to-back, and one operation lasted over two hours.”

You can infer that:

  1. Mary works in the medical field.
  2. Mary had to have surgery on her feet.
  3. Mary doesn’t like her job.

2. Phil was driving on the highway, singing to his favorite song on the radio, and not paying attention to his speed. All of the sudden, Phil noticed the red and blue flashing lights of a cop car behind him. He was being signaled to pull over.

You can infer that:

a. Phil is getting pulled over because he didn’t stop at a stop sign.

b. Phil is getting pulled over because he was speeding.

c. Phil is getting pulled over because he stole the car.

3. Jenny walked into class as the teacher exclaimed, “Please find your seat and put all books and backpacks under your chair. Please take out one piece of paper and a pencil.”

You can infer that:

a. Jenny is in detention.

b. Jenny forgot her pencil in her locker.

c. A pop quiz is about to be given.

Answers:

  1. You can infer that Mary works in the medical field.
  2. You can infer that Phil is getting pulled over because he was speeding.
  3. You can infer that a pop quiz is about to be given.

 

Extra link

Thirty-Eight Saw Murder Catherine Genovese